Range vs Stove


Kitchen is the heart of the house because here is where foods are being made and to make sure you can make the dishes, there are various different tools required, the basic being Range Vs Stove. A kitchen must have at least one of them because this is what is used to cook the ingredients. But, due to some confusion around the terms, it may hinder you to pick the ideal option and to understand whether they are different or not, go check our article below.

In this article, we are going to give you information about:

  • Why Cooking the Foods are Necessary
  • What are Range and Stove
  • How are the Origin of Range and Stove
  • How Range and Stove Work
  • Which Range and Stove to Choose
  • Range Vs Stove

The Benefit of Food Cooking

Fire is an easily accessible element today, they are conveniently produced by matches and coming out of your cooking stove from different energy sources/mechanisms. Back then, fire was created manually and our ancestors found them about two million years ago or probably even earlier. Since then, humans have been using open fire as a method to cook their foods and today, we are still using the same process to prepare lots of dishes both from plant or veggies and animal based ingredients.

While raw diet is very popular and can be a healthy lifestyle to try, cooking foods have been seen as the ideal option to prepare ingredients that have potential to bring harm or not as appealing to consume in its raw form.

Cooking Food and Safety

Some people may be used to eating raw veggies and animal based ingredients such as meat, fish, or eggs but it is also true that those especially coming from animals are possessing a higher risk of bacterial contamination and may cause some illness. Bacteria can cause food poisoning and they are thriving at temperatures from 5 to 63 degree Celsius, so it is fairly easy to kill them. When the word “cook” is used, in most cases the process will require higher heat above 70 degree which ensures bacteria are killed.

The case of food poisoning often caused by Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes that together have been reported to affect more than three hundred thousands of people in the EU every year. The common symptoms of bacteria poisoning are fever, headache, diarrhea, and for Listeria, the symptoms appear similar to flu.

Cooking Food and Digestibility

Our body needs food as an energy source and when consumed they will be digested to extract the vital nutrients present in different foods thus, our body can thrive. Digestion is when food is broken down in the body into a form that can be readily absorbed but, some nutrients may not be readily accessible before cooking and it hinders our body to absorb it properly. The example is foods with starch that needs to be cooked to promote the breakdown of polysaccharide in which enzyme amylase can break down further into its monomer.

Cooking Food and Edibility

Fresh fruits and veggies are amazing, they are tasty and crunchy but, we are sure not many will be eating a raw potato willingly. Some veggies and many animal ingredients require a cooking process to be more edible and more appealing to attract your appetite. Cooking process alters the taste of ingredients. For example meat becomes softer, easy to chew, and more flavorful. Combined with lots of seasonings, the same ingredient can taste differently.

About Range and Stove

Besides all of these factors, not all cultures are used to consuming raw ingredients, especially those that come from animals. However, food cooking is found in any culture and region around the globe both inside an indigenous tribe to those living in modern cities. One must-have tool or appliance to cook food is the Stove itself and depending on your preference, there are various different cooking appliances that can be used to heat ingredients including alternative appliances such as NuWave Vs Ninja Air Fryer.

Stove is an integral part of your kitchen in which our ancestors have been perfecting from open fires. We sure still use open fires at times such as when cooking for a huge amount of food or when doing outdoor activity but no one will deny the convenience of stove as it is more versatile as well as easy to use with different cooking vessels. Back then with open fires, our cooking vessels had a dome-like bottom but as flat stoves were more commonly being used, the bottoms became flatter as well.

Nowadays, not only a regular stove that is fueled by gas, for a cleaner and safer option we can also use an electric stove which is becoming more common in developed and developing countries. There is another term called Range which is used interchangeably with Stove and many may wonder whether they are different or not. As you may have guessed, at both physical and online stores, you will find them referring to the same kitchen appliance. 

Range and Stove History

While the terms often used interchangeably, Range and Stove are not the same initially and Range itself is a more modern way to call appliances which have an oven and burners on top. Stove was used earlier and the word itself may come from the Dutch or German roots and they means “heated room” which makes any room including normal room in the house with a type of heating will also be called as stove and by the end of 16th Century, the word was applied for the heating apparatus itself.

In modern day however, there are various items we have been calling with the same name despite being different or once used to be different due to the advance in technology and efficiency, merging into only one item. As for Range and Stove, they became one unit as Stove used to look like racks mounted in large fireplaces in which France people developed openings on top to heat up light dishes while the enclosed part remains. This seems to give modern Range its definition.

Range and Stove Mechanism 

Comparing Range with Stove in its traditional form, as you can see from the sample picture above that they are quite different. One distinct feature of Stove is it cooks food from the direct heating achieved by the fire feed by dry woods or charcoal and as it heats the chamber, the metal on top of its enclosure will also heat up hence you can cook on top of them. Back then, they are boxy with a wide opening at the front and mostly made from steel in different sizes.

If made for cooking instead to heat up a room, a traditional stove may have openings at the top so the fire will directly heat the cooking vessels or kettles. Modern Range on the other hand, looks like a combination of oven and burners at the top but of course, they are very different as we are not using the same fuel. Most ranges use gas for the fuel and use electric ignition to light the fuel then produce fire which is much more complex than the traditional Stove.

Range and Stove Fuel Types

Despite the confusion around the terms, Range and Stove are used to call the same unit today and it is what matters except if they are mentioning Stove top because this is used to refer to their burner’s area. Choosing the appliance is also the same and in most cases you will have to consider some factors before buying one for not all kitchens will have the same preferences. One being the most important is their fuel type as typically we have to choose between gas and electric.

Gas Range and Stoves

They are the more traditional option in this modern day but many are still using them not only for the familiarity but also because of the reliability since gas fueled stoves including the burner will lit up and provide a constant heat for a faster cooking and reach a higher temperature faster than electric type. Because the fire is visually visible, we can use common guessing to adjust how hot or warm the stove needs to be. They are also cost effective especially if your house already uses natural gas.

Electric Range and Stove

Besides gas, we can power the Range or Stove with electricity and this is seen as a cleaner solution for modern kitchens because unlike burners that have protruding tops, heating elements in electric type are concealed in flat tops. We don’t need to wash a burner ring or wipe the hardened spills from the top of a gas nozzle as well. Since there is no ring, they are more stable for flat cooking vessels, easing the operation but you can’t use anything with a dome bottom like wok with them.

Range and Stove Comparison 

Terms can be confusing at times but as long as we understand what they are referring to, it should be enough to help your buying decision. Range and Stove are used to call the same appliance unless it is called a stove top; you will get the same oven and burner top combination. Initially they are only used for the gas variant but you can see manufacturers call the electric version as either of them as well. In some countries however, the word stove itself only used to called stove top or the burner area.

- Modern term- Traditional term
- To call appliance with oven and burner

- Initially to call a heating room but can refer to the burner
- Can be gas or electric
- Heated with wood or charcoal
- Word originated from Old French- Word originated from Middle Dutch/Low German


As the same appliance, no matter what term being used we should pick based on what is needed in the kitchen and it is better to decide what fuel to use or how many burners and how much the capacity is for the oven part to achieve a wiser shopping.


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